Department of History     Yoav Di-Capua Assistant Professor, PHD

Out of the Ottoman Order

French Invasion
Napoleon's invasion of Egypt in 1798 was the first attack on a Middle Eastern country by a Western power in modern times. With 335 ships and 40,000 men, it was the largest long-distance seaborne force the world had ever seen. More >>
Muhammad Ali in Power (1805-1848)
Muhammad Ali was an Ottoman officer and reforming viceroy from 1805 until his death in 1848. He is the founder of the dynasty that ruled Egypt until 1952. More >>
Under Ababs and Said (1849-1863)
Abbas Hilmi I ruled briefly following the death of Muhamad Aliís son Ibrahim in 1848. Upon assuming power, he strove to limit European political and economic activity in Egypt. More >>
Khedive Ismail (1863-1879)
Ismail was committed to the rapid modernization and industrialization of Egypt. He sought to revive some of the industrial projects which had fallen into disrepair sine the last decade of Muhamamd Aliís rule and, especially, under Abbas. More >>
The Nahda
The Nahda, or renaissance, is the cultural and intellectual modernizing project of the Arab East. As a modern phenomenon the Nahda was characterized by rationalism, the dominance of secularism, nationalism, scientism, urbanism and individualism. More >>