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tex's french grammar
possessive determiners
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1. forms and uses
  2. liaison

forms and uses
The possessive determiners serve to express ownership or possession (hence the name). They are also often called possessive adjectives because they agree in gender and number with the noun they introduce.

Plural Translation
mon ma mes my
ton ta tes your (familiar)
son sa ses his or her or its
notre notre nos our
votre votre vos your (formal or plural)
leur leur leurs their

famillePossessive articles, like all articles, must agree with the noun they modify. Thus, if the noun is feminine, the possessive article must be feminine, too. In the following example, the feminine noun famille requires a feminine form – sa. Note that sa has three potential translations in English: 'his,' 'her,' or 'its.' So, how do you know which meaning is intended? Context! Since the following example sentence refers to Tex, we know that sa means 'his.'

Tex présente sa famille: Voici mon frère, Trey, et ma soeur, Rita, avec ses enfants et leur chien Fido. Notre famille est formidable!   Tex introduces his family. Here is my brother, Trey, and my sister, Rita with her children and their dog Fido. Our family is great!

Do not forget to make the liaison between the plural forms of the possessive determiners and words that begin with a vowel sound. Ma, ta, sa become mon, ton, son in front of feminine nouns beginning with a vowel sound.

Tex continues his introductions:
Tex: Voici Tammy, mon amie, et ses amies Bette et Fiona, c'est-à-dire nos amies.   Tex: Here is Tammy, my friend, and her friends, Bette and Fiona, that is to say, our friends.

Listen to the dialogue:

Tammy parle avec Bette: Tex n'est plus mon ami! Il a complètement oublié mon cadeau et notre anniversaire! Il a oublié toutes ses promesses! Quel nul! ami Tammy is talking with Bette: Tex is not my friend any more! He competely forgot my present and our anniversary! He forgot all his promises. What a loser!


fill in the blanks
Fill in the blank with the correct possessive determiner.
1. Tex : _______ famille est intéressante.

2. Tammy : Tex, _______ neveux sont ici.

3. Tex et Tammy : Bette, Corey et Joe-Bob sont ______ amis.

4. Tammy et Tex : _______ amour est éternel.

5. Paw-Paw : Bonjour Tex, bonjour Tammy! ________ visite me fait plaisir ('pleases me').

6. Tammy : Tex oublie souvent ________ livre.

7. Tammy : Ah Tex, ________ amour!

8. Tex : Tammy est ________ amie.

9. Tammy: Tex, Trey, et Rita? _______ grand-père est adorable.

10. Corey et Joe-Bob aiment Tammy et Tex. Ils sont ______ amis.

11. Tammy : J'aime la soeur de Tex, mais ______ frère est bizarre.

12. Bette : La famille de Tammy aime Tex beaucoup, surtout _____ parents.